Untouchable migrants made up a substantial proportion of Indian labour migration into Singapore in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During this period, they were subject to forms of caste prejudice and discrimination that powerfully reinforced their identities as untouchables overseas. Today, however, untouchability has disappeared from the public sphere and has been replaced by other notions of identity, leaving unanswered questions as to how and when this occurred. The untouchable migrant is also largely absent from popular narratives of the past. This book takes the "disappearance" as a starting point to examine a history of untouchable migration amongst Indians who arrived in Singapore from its modern founding as a British colony in the early nineteenth century through to its independence in 1965. Using oral history records, archival sources, colonial ethnography, newspapers and interviews, this book examines the lives of untouchable migrants through their everyday experience in an overseas multi-ethnic environment. It examines how these migrants who in many ways occupied the bottom rungs of their communities and colonial society, framed transnational issues of identity and social justice in relation to their experiences within the broader Indian diaspora in Singapore. The book trances the manner in which untouchable identities evolved and then receded in response to the dramatic social changes brought about by colonialism, war and post-colonial nationhood. By focusing on a subaltern group from the past, this study provides an alternative history of Indian migration to Singapore and a different perspective on the cultural conversations that have taken place between India and Singapore for much of the island's modern history.
This book examines the trajectory of India's foreign policy in the 21st century, through a range of studies that cut across various geographical regions, theoretical frameworks and policy issues. Grounded in the post-Cold War shifts in the global balance of power where India has emerged as a major pole, the book examines the factors that have shaped the Indian response towards this emerging international security environment. The essays attempt to answer some essential and enduring questions in Indian foreign policy, especially:
Organised thematically, the three sections of the book examine the major influences that have shaped India's foreign policy in recent years, its relations with major global powers and its foreign policy in the context of its engagements with strategically important regions across the globe. It discusses the issues of the emerging global nuclear order, the challenge of global terrorism and India's pursuit of energy security, among many others.
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